lunes, 2 de junio de 2014

REPORTED SPEECH I for 4th ESO and Bachillerato

Reported speech is a transformation in which we reproduce someone’s words.

  • Peter says: “I am fed up”
  • Peter said that he was fed up
Reported speech implies remoteness, we always go backwards in time when we reproduce someone’s words.
  • Verbal tenses move back into the past.
  • Pronouns change in the form to imply less proximity) and
  • Adverbs of place are also replace by others that imply that something is further. 

VERBThere is a bakcshift, ie., the verbs take a more REMOTE FORM.
There is a backshift to the past when we want to write a statement in reported speech. It is as if we go upstairs. If we transform reported speech into direct speech we go downstairs.


-       SIMPLE TENSES
present simple- simple past- past perfect
 
         -CONTINUOUS TENSES

present continuous-` past continuous

         -PERFECT TENSES

present perfect-  past perfect 

-PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES:

present perfect continuous--------------past perfect continuous 

-MODAL VERBS:

Modal verbs are backshifted as well:
  can------ could
  will------ would
  must------   had to
  have to--   have to              
ADVERBS AND ADVERBIALS. (including demonstratives)

Here- there
Now- then
Yesterday- the day before
This, these- that, those
Today- that day
Tonight- that night
Tomorrow- the following day/ the next day
Last week/ month/year- the following week…
A week ago- the week before/ the previous week.       

REPORTING VERBS:
There are some typical verbs used to introuced reported speech in English. THey have some peculiarities which are worth studying: 

-Say* to / that: he said Mary that she had to go out
-Tell+ object+ that/ to= I told Mary to be a good girl. I told Mary that she was a good girl

-Ask, tell, insist, want + someone to do something (CI+ infinitive)
-Refurse/offer/ agree*to
-Complain/ promise/ explain/ admit+ that
-Claim, suggest, answer, respond

iN THE FOLLOWING LINKS, YOU CAN FIND MORE PRACTICE AS WELL AS EXPLANATIONS: 



 

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